Building Maintenance Management Systems
Edifice livelihood superintendence honorcausative affect the “Cinderella” of rendering perseverance. This is owing edifice livelihood superintendence team has to do multiform subordinatetaking and tolerate the record of other bisecties, namely architects, surveyors, engineers, or facilities directors. Edifice livelihood superintendence to-boot has never been customary in its admit just (Allen, 1993). There are close limitations of edifice livelihood as it contrariant to contrariant mob. According to the Chartered Institute of Edifice, edifice livelihood is defined as fruit conducted to practise, recbalance or amend total ease, that is total bisect of a preface, place and its interpretation to an satisfactory character. The accceptcausative character is strong by the counterpoise betwixt the scarcity and conducive instrument. Time White propose that “maintenace to-boot is arelish with governmentful the case of the edifice so that its factor lies amid biased regions” (White, 1969). Other limitation comes from Bushell and quoting from BS 3811, that defines livelihood as “a cabal of any renewal convey extinguished in arrange to continue the things in or recbalance it to an agreed case” (Bushell, 1985). Another further skilled limitation mentioned by Totalen is “the cabal of total technical and associated administrative renewals to pertuate an ace or recbalance it to a case that it can transinfluence its desired record”. Future, edifice livelihood is very discriminating as it is required gone the preparation of the rendering limit. However, its weight was refercausative customary (Allen, 1993). Livelihood is scarcityed to secure the edifice transinfluence polite-behaved-behaved-behaved and the best balance its spirit cycle (Olanrewaju, 2009). A recognized and cheerful livelihood of a edifice may repair the sustainability of any edifice either it a entailment or non-entailment edifice (Arazi, 2010). Lee (1984) has mature further that livelihood is to-boot required in arrange to secure that edifices are interpretationd operatively and economically as practiccausative (Lee, 1984). Balancewhile, according to the investopedia, government balance the manage of transactance that reflects a course that interpretations the developed esort of instrument to constitute the first esort of extinguishedcomes. Government is an great record as total instrument such as duration, money and unseasoned representatives are singular. So, it is effects view to crystallize the instrument time saveing an satisfactory smooth of extinguishedcomes or a public evolution smooth. Causative to-boot can be simply said as reducing the esort of holloweyed instrument. Consequently, ensuring government in edifice livelihood practices in this trinfluence balances the fruit subordinatetaken in arrange to guard and crystallize a edifice to repair the esteem of a edifice is produced with the developed esort of instrument withextinguished decrease it.
Nevertheless, there are five objectives of edifice livelihood that are mentioned by Alner and Fellows (1990). The objectives are to secure that the edifices and their associated interpretations are in a impregncausative case, to secure the edifices are succorful control interpretation, to secure that the say of the edifice drift total statutory requirements, to fly the livelihood fruit imported in arrange to save the esteem of the edifice stock’s existing asset and to-boot to fly the fruit scarcityed in arrange to save the sort of the edifice.
THE WAYS TO ENSURE EFFICIENCY IN BUILDING MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
In arrange to secure a edifice is practise, guard, recbalance and amend withextinguished decrease total instrument, a estimate of causative controlms can be carried extinguished by the possessions director, edifice livelihood superintendence or any entireied bisecty. Firstly, the livelihood superintendence team should confound in the pur-pose meabelieving of the rendering to dunseasoned some strategies in arrange to effect believing the government in edifice livelihood practices balance the spirit cycle of edifices. A estimate of the pur-pose strategies mentioned by Nayanthara (2010) are pur-pose control comprehensive impregnablety, pur-pose control livelihood scarcitys, pur-pose control the environment, intent control indulgent livelihood and pur-pose control causative vestibule. Pur-pose control comprehensive impregnablety is the most discriminating pur-pose diplomacy control saveability of edifices. A just pur-pose control the arraign conveying, flexure pur-pose and detailing, structure’s suitability and the piping are causative to shun frequent failures such as cracking and leaking of the edifice, consequently can produce the comprehensive impregnablety againts those failures. Pur-pose control livelihood scarcitys is to-boot great diplomacy as it can classify the saveability consume in the coming. Control stance in the pur-pose meabelieving of the rendering, the livelihood team has effect the non-interference to interpretation the low-livelihood representatives, factors and elements in constructing the edifice. The gathering of those representatives, factors and elements in pur-pose meabelieving may decline the livelihood consume in the coming. Time, there are span lion-sense of environment subordinate the pur-pose control the environment, that are micro-environment and macro-environment. Micro-environment can be depict through the manage of expobelieving to the visible sphere, smooth and the sort of usage. Time macro-environment can be evaluted as colonization of edifice and contrariant zones such as industrial, coastal area, polished and bucolic. The environment countenance should be capturen into recital time pur-poseing the edifice as Malaysia has poetical sphere which is violent dampness, plain temperature and has big rainftotal throughextinguished the year. Nayanthara to-boot mentioned that in the pur-pose measure, the builders team should intent control indulgent livelihood in the coming. This diplomacy is entireied to the pur-pose control the environment diplomacy. The builders team should select the representative that is durcausative in arrange to less livelihood fruit and consume, control stance, the character of tinge control visible wtotal must be air stroke so that it is crave developed and no scarcity to retinge the edifice constantly. In union, pur-pose control indulgent vestibule control livelihood fruit such as roof and base can secure the causative livelihood fruit (Nayanthara, 2010).
The succor controlm that can be adopted to secure the government in edifice livelihood practices is by governmentful the sort of rendering or fruitmanship. It is very great to effect an effrontery of the sort during the rendering meabelieving to shun failures such as cracks, spalling and leakage. Effrontery of rendering sort could be strong by the closeness of representatives in the pur-pose meabelieving and rendering measure. The builders team must strictly prosper the intentning during pur-pose measure. In union, the sselection of cheerful contractors, consultants and causative fruiters who feel polite-behaved-behaved-behaved trial are to-boot imported to asbelieving the sort of the edifice rendering. Sort effrontery in the rendering meabelieving may succor in reducing the failures in the coming and future, the livelihood of edifices earn be causatively produced (Nayanthara, 2010).
Diplomacy control saveing edifices can be divide into three strategies namely regulative, counteractive and case-based strategies (R.M.W. Horner, 1997). In ensuring the causative edifice livelihood practices, a cheerful diplomacy control the livelihood fruit should be justly produced by the edifice livelihood team or else, the consume control livelihood earn ascend. The most discriminating is counteractive livelihood register. The counteractive livelihood register must be produced following the exbountiful of the edifice balance its spirit cycles. Counteractive livelihood register is to guard the existing of the edifice and wipe extinguished the regulative livelihood consume. An causative counteractive livelihood register includes daily livelihood, weekly livelihood, monthly livelihood, quarterly livelihood, bi-every-year livelihood and every-year livelihood. Daily livelihood control edifice such as cleaning the toilets, vile areas, premise areas, vacuuming elevators must be produced totalday, plain further than uninterruptedly a day. Daily or uniformity livelihood is very great unarranged others as it confound main unoccupied cost. Cleaning and housekeeping fruit must be carefully registerd and inferior owing consumes can be easily grace inordinate (Kyle, 1999). With the creature of counteractive livelihood registers, edifices and equipment in the edifice earn developed craveer and fly further causatively. Edifice livelihood team to-boot earn be seen as a authoritative team as they fruit with the causative counteractive livelihood register.
The controlth controlm that can be adopted is by using computer-aided order in the edifice livelihood fruit. In saveing edifices, computerized order is very imported owing a balballot of referableification and grounds such as the exbountiful age of edifices, the contractors and engineer that confoundd in rendering, the financial sayment, referableification of departed livelihood fruit, and coercioneseeing that scarcity to be narrative, saved and regarded. In union, possessions atributes such as basic possessions referableification affect harangue, telephone estimate, special incharge control livelihood , area, estimate of base and age; factor referableification affect character and type estimate of boilers and pump; and livelihood referableification affect neglect cycles and tingeing cycles feel to be narrative and saved. Computerized order is fur further causative as it is unyielding in recording the bountiful referableification, retrieving any grounds scarcityed and capcausative in analysing the grounds (Pitt, 1986). If the edifice livelihood team fruit manually with the existing grounds, total the fruits earn be sinferior and refercausative causative. Livelihood register to-boot can be produced by using computerized order, really it is further operative and skilled control livelihood team.
Developed referable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributablewithstanding refercausative smallest, the implemention of Malaysia’s Edifice and Vile Possessions Influence 2007 is imported in ensuring the government of edifice livelihood practices, distinctly control strata possessions such as condominium, apartments, gated sympathy developments, flats, wholesale edifices affect offices, shopping complexes, adulterated developments and industrial edifices. Malaysia’s legislation produce this influence following realizing that there is a stagnation in Housing Developers Influence and the Strata Title Influence as polite-behaved-behaved-behaved as creature of expanded gaps betwixt developers and purchasers, control mismisappropriate livelihood and superintendence of edifices and to-boot vile possessions (Isma, 2011). Total this time, there are frequent amounts aascend betwixt the developers, purchasers and superintendence confirmation (MC) of strata justties. Some of the amounts are developers failed to dedicate control the Strata Title owing the superintendence confirmation (MC) is uncausative to be controlmed. The superintendence confirmation (MC) could refercausative be controlmed attributable to the committees of the superintendence confirmation (MC) must be simply the admiter of the individual and the superintendence of the edifice is altogether managed by them withextinguished interfered by the developer, referable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributablewithstanding, the superintendence confirmation (MC) can singly be controlmed following one-quarter of the collection divide individual has been communicated to the admiter. The superintendence confirmation’s government to practices their obligation is to-boot scant and refercausative operative (Isma, 2011). Other than that, the amount to-boot aascend when there are defaulting developers and ingovernment possessions directors who capture utility and reserved to effect prodigious produce by providing inferior sort interpretations referable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributablewithstanding charging a violent fee to the purchasers (Tiun, 2009). So, to cast-out the amounts that are aascend precedently, Flexure Superintendence Body (JMB) and Commissioner of Edifice (COB) is controlmed subordinate the Malaysia’s Edifice and Vile Possessions Influence 2007. The Commissioner of Edifice is constituted to secure that total bisecties enact their role operatively. The causative edifice livelihood practices coukd be controlmed by the empowered of Commissioner of Edifice to effect authorize to those purchaser who does refercausative dissipated the livelihood beak control six months and it is mandotary to total developers to succumb the audited livelihood recital year-by-year to the Commissioner of Edifice (COB) (Isma, 2011). With the provisions, edifice livelihood fruit control strata justties earn be further pellucid, causative and no craveer developer who capture utility towards purchasers.