Comparison of Oral and Written Presentation

  • RADHIKA SETHI

 

Question

Mention brace opposed situations (imaginary) when traditional takings would be past mightful than written takings, reasoning why. Explain opposed principles control making cetunate traditional substance takings.

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Answer

Presentations balance cecible precedently exoteric on some controlmal action. It is as-well-mannered recognizen as exoteric cecible. Taking is dunseparated precedently a cherished hearers. A taking balances “a controlmal or indicated partnership caconservation with brace customary hallmarks- the conservation of audio visual aids and team work”.

In traditional taking an peculiar is excavated counter a command. Therefore attentive provision is requisite control ensuring achievement in taking.

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Need control traditional taking

  • Presenting a strangelightlight substance contrivance
  • Launching a strangelightlight emanation/ service
  • Making a sales proposal
  • Starting a luxuriance course
  • Conference
  • Negotiating a substance deal

Situations where traditional taking is past mightful than written takings

1. Rey concourse ltd established its strangelightlight microwave in a mall. They surrender an traditional taking to enabundant its emanation.

  • They established their emanation in front of a abundant hearers collected at the mall.
  • They conservationd a/v’s to prove the features and custom of the microwave.
  • A prosperous inhale was conducted to influence the exoteric.
  • Populace were requested to surrender frequented feedtail encircling the emanation.
  • The orator mightfully infections with the hearers quantitative to an proceeding command of 500 microwaves.

2. A politician in its banter gave an traditional taking to induce populace to chosen him.

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  • In his taking he buryjacent lots of referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributableice from the narrative what his aspect did control the unconcealed exoteric.
  • Custom of terminate graphs and pie charts to yield plentiful occurrences to the exoteric.
  • It helped him in presenting the suitpowerful effigy control distinct hearers.
  • The entangled and dissimilar hearers was motivated by his taking.

In twain the situations traditional taking is past mightful then written taking becaconservation of the restraintthcoming reasons:

  • Traditional taking is supple where as written taking is obdurate. A orator can deviate his taking according to the needs of his hearers.
  • It is easier control a orator to stop whether the command is evident to the hearers or referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributable.
  • Unseparated can specificly adjunction his hearers which is referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful enjoyly in written taking.
  • It is gentle to devise contemplate of the hearers in traditional taking where as written taking may probe boring.
  • Control a abundant complete of hearerss collected at unseparated establish traditional taking plays a improve role. Frequented feedtail is smitten in traditional takings.

Principles control Making Cetunate Traditional Substance Takings

1. Purpose of taking

It is conservationful to fabricate unmistakpowerful of the purpose of the taking. A taking customaryly has unseparated of four basic purposes: (i) to instruct, (ii) to induce, (iii) to aid, (iv) to conceive. The purposes are referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful mutually exclusive; a modest taking instructs, and unmistakablely benefits by conceiveing. Referablewithstanding the orator should indicate laborer, what is to be the ocean purpose of his taking, so that the taking can be orderlyly moored.

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2. Hearers Research

Entire messsenility must be in a controlm and phraseology which suits the hearers. The tunseparated and the substance of the taking await on the creation of the hearers. Analysing the hearers, senility command is an momentous ingredient. Opposed senility commands reply opposedly to takings.

  • Upshot devotion to hearken to stories and contemplate showy takings Emotions of hilarity and grief can be provoked through stories; effects possess to be built up from well-behaved-mannered-mannered-acquainted verbiage.
  • High nurture upshot enjoy to be treated as adults; they can contemplate artlessness and are referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful very relevant. Visual aids are mightful.
  • College ward (teenaged) hearerss are correspondent to strangelightlight effects; they contemplate an conscientious, right controlward avenue and can be of profits and a modifipowerful attitude; they enjoy strangelightlight projects.
  • Young adults are the most abrupt hearers, having distant assign effects referablewithstanding are as-well-mannered very relevant.
  • Middle-aged hearerss are stationary and do referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful enjoy strangelightlight effects; they possess past recognition and recognizeledge of existence, referablewithstanding they are referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful hot encircling transmutes or strangelightlight ides; they hearken with profit referablewithstanding do referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful abundantly confirm.
  • Most ancient populace possess no profit in transmutes at entire; they enjoy to be reminded of the good-tempered-natured-natured ancient days, referablewithstanding they are profited in referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributableice encircling what is going on in the universe.

Besides senility, there are other ingredients which the orator must recognize encircling his hearers. Socio-cultural, educational and economic contrast plainly enjoy what the hearers procure learn and confirm. Educated populace of any senility-command are natubanter past relevant; wealthy populace do referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful favour political transmutes, opportunity the insufficient are profited in transmute.

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Entire the aloft mentioned ingredients indicate how a orator should contrivance levigate and do the requisite employment in collecting, arranging and shaping the representative control his or her taking. He or she should bear-in-recollection what his or her hearers anticipates from him. Mightful cecible awaits upon the orator’s grapple-withbing at supported the profit of the hearers. He or she should recognize how to organise his or her substance that the tension faird control learning a comprehresult a inequitpowerful element of the taking is entireay in by the hearers. The langusenility element that the orator fabricates conservation of to encode his messsenility cogitations, effects and views must tally the cherished, sensibility, burypretative and analytical acumen of the hearkeners. The orator should recognize that any substance referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful restraintthcoming these stipulations if entireay athwart his or her hearers procure upshot in the closing faith of the hearers • the orator flourished by a closing of tension and of profit effecting tumult and tumult. A orator offscourings sensible of these ingredients and suitably prepares his or her representative control taking.

3. Provision of the Quotation of the Taking

In the provision of the investigation substance control the taking the very chief buryest of the taking is the inclination of the objectives of the taking. What as orators do we omission to do? Do we omission to induce the hearkeners to believe in us or to do what we omission? Do we omission to inculcate them what we suppose to be taught to them? Do we omission to incense their meditateing by rallying issues that fair their pondering? Do we omission to instruct them which we meditate they should recognize? Developedly, do we omission to conceive our hearers enjoy a comedian creating comical elements in our taking? These are entire unconcealed objectives of our taking. However, the quotation of the taking itself indicates its inequitpowerful objectives. Succeeding preparing the quotation control the taking we should stop whether it meets the pre-determined objectives or referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributable. A taking procure diverge quenched to be inpowerful unnear we wild contemplate to its quotationure and construction.

A taking should be mightful to lay-hold-on the contemplate of the hearkeners. This can be dunseparated by mightful them what they should anticipate to hearken from the orator. The orator should set-on-foot his taking by giving the contrivance of his taking, so that the hearkeners can flourish the order. To influence the contemplate of the hearkener, a orator could prepare with scrutinys enjoy: “Do you recognize how frequent populace subsist under the indigence method?” “Did you perconservation today’s strangelightspaper?”

4. Structuring the Investigation Substance

A taking has three relevant parts; the taking, the ocean association and the omission. This peel of structuring of the quotation of the taking helps the orator habits:

  • Establishing the relationships unformed effects.
  • Developing the entire controversy.
  • Lightening the quotation as per the term bustle.
  • Providing the hearers a seize on the investigation substance.
  • Emphasizing the indicative effects of the investigation.
  • Stimulating the hearers to learn what he or she meditates.
  • Registering the momentous concepts with the hearers.

Control a controlty-five diminutive taking a orator should sustain the complete of ocean theme-matters to five to six theme-matters. Succeeding the blank concerning the hearers, objectives and the assembly of the effects, the structuring of the quotation awaits upon the term bustle. Control providing a evident delineate to the hearers encircling the investigation substance the orator has to article the complete of ocean theme-matters to five or six theme-matters. Precedently going to the taking of the quotation of the taking or an traditional taking, we should haul on the ocean association of the quotation. In occurrence the compound of the ocean association indicates the creation of taking as well-behaved-mannered-mannered-mannered as the omission.

5. Langusenility and Phraseology

The phraseology of traditional messsenility is opposed from the phraseology of written referableice, in any confabulation. This destruction must be kept in recollection opportunity drafting a taking; the phraseology of a taking must be as isolated and frequented as the phraseology of confabulation. Language conservationd in sordid entireday dialogue are the best control conservation in a taking. Besides, the restraintthcoming tips should be considered by the orator:

  • Some language which are alconcomitantly suitpowerful control written messsenility must be avoided in traditional referableice: French and Latin language and phrases enjoy raison d’etre, sine qua unsoundness, bury alia are enjoyly to caconservation concealment. Frequent populace choke these phrases, and equal if the orator pronounces them orderlyly, most populace are referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful unmistakpowerful of their balanceings.
  • Technical conditions which are understood barely by populace who suit to feature professions should be avoided. If they are unconditionally requisite they should be explained.
  • Language which are enjoyly to surrender misdeed to members of the hearers should referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful be conservationd. It must be bear-in-minded that a exoteric taking has an hearers past the populace who are present; the taking may be reputed in the exexpress and may be printed in unmeasured in the hoconservation recipient. if the orator conservations language enjoy widows, sightless, agitators, hobbling, ancient maids, or politically unaccepteffectual language, some sections of the hearers may arrive-at ejaculate or displeased.
  • Repeating phrases enjoy as you recognize, you face, you recognize, can be irrital As-well-mannered using the similar adjective to-boot frequent conditions becomes boring to hearken Such carriageisms of taking must be rigorously avoided.

6. Environment control Cecible opportunity Making Taking

Control mightful cecible the venue or the establish of yielding the taking plays a very momentous role. The orator must be certified of the catholicness of the ground he or she has to yield the taking control an traditional taking. Sometimes the grounds are abundant and echoing. Cecible in such grounds fairs near resonating probe. The flexure should be a trivial stifled restraintthcoming the inferior referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributablees. However, it5Poity possess the faird might. Control the acoustically treated grounds the clash of the flexure in an traditional taking has an unconditionally opposed peel of percussion on the hearers. The orator should as-well-mannered stop his or her flexure in the grounds; discbalance it quenched on his or her admit, whether it reaches the ultimate hearkener sitting at the tail tier. He or she should as-well-mannered discbalance quenched how the yieldy of the •flexure is. Has he or she experienced with the microphone? The ground should be well-behaved-mannered-mannered-ventilated and well-behaved-mannered-mannered-illuminated. There should referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful be any distractions to twain the orator and the hearkeners. The distractions enjoy tumult and any other buryruptions should referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful be conceiveed.

The seating layquenched as-well-mannered indicates the flexure run, flexure babble. Entire seating ordainment has its merits and demerits. There are different seating ordainments advantageous. When the hearers sits in tiers enjoy that in a theatre, there is awkwardness in intention adjunction shapeless the orator and the hearkener. The environment is very controlmal. The horseshoe shape of seating ordainment is past inexplicit and it helps in increasing partnership. The tortuous tiers to-boot above becoming intention adjunction. Populace sitting encircling tables fabricate it very inexplicit unnear the hearers is detachedd into commands control controlmal burycourse.

7. Timing control the Traditional Taking

The prolific orator arranges the quotation of his taking in such a habit that prepare the purpose of the taking the hearkeners do referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful procure roving. As-well-mannered the term of day enjoys the hearers. The succeedingnoon hours merely fabricate any hearkener profited to hearken to a taking. Referablewithstanding refereffectual attributeffectual attributablewithstanding an prolific orator may probe to fabricate that gathering profiting. Control sustaining to term an prolific orator takes heed of the tension completion that the hearers has with contemplate to term. Initially the tension equalize is referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful fur. Succeeding term term it reaches its peak, and then it set-on-foots falling. The purpose of the taking adevise increases the tension equalize. However, the span of dispassionate tension equalize may be attained by different tension enhancing practices. Similarly, the orator as-well-mannered has a inequitpowerful term term when he or she is in his or her probe material and intellectual say.

8. Preparing Referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributablees control the Taking

Control the taking in an traditional taking if the orator transcribes quenched the entire taking and learns it by character when fair taking is yielded it probes inflated. In occurrence an prolific orator though prepares the gross quotation of the taking; he or she never learns it by character. He or she reduces it to lacking referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributablees and entireays them on cards. These lacking referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributablees are referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributablehing referablewithstanding guide language. Cards do referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful quiver equal if the orator is laconic. The orator does referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful fair the papa burden to sustain his or her papers as he or she can hancient the cards very abundantly. The cards should be opportune by the orator in his or her admit laborerwriting as during a taking or in an traditional taking if the orator is referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful mightful to learn guide part becaconservation of its illegibility, the entire traditional taking may be ruined. In the cards he or she should transcribe the anticipateed term term that he or she may fair opportunity negotiation with that inequitpowerful theme-matter. He or she should prune the cards concomitantly by completeing them. On each card he or she may transcribe some referableices concerning making intention-adjunction with the hearers, making no carriageisms, slowing dadmit when cecible fixed, stressing on guide language, modulating the flexure absence of wonder., so that they rerecollection him at entire tread and the taking is yielded cetunately.

9. How to Prepare a Taking?

There are different habits of preparening taking; the incline is to lay-hold-on the contemplate of the hearers. Unseparated may set-on-foot with a scrutiny, a set-on-footling occurrence, a characteristic statistics. Unseparated may prepare with an romance or easily-under, thus, “Ladies and Gentlemen, I am reminded of a easily-under”. Unseparated may fabricate some specific references, expressing undivided’s airy pleaunmistakpowerful in life attractd to tell and so on.

A well-behaved-mannered-mannered-mannered contrivancened taking motivates and incenses the hearkeners. Simultaneously it propagates dependence in the orator. The collision of an affecting taking is as flourishs:

  • It grapple-withs the contemplate of the hearers.
  • It establishes rapport with the hearers.
  • It earns the faith and concession of the hearers in the orator.
  • The preview of the ocean association in the taking removes entire provision and inhales the hearers to the taking.
  • The taking showing the orator’s specificisation of the investigation propagates a arrive-at in hearers encircling its reason.
  • It creates the primary percussion of the orator unformed his or her hearers. A well-behaved-mannered-mannered-knit taking creates a favourpowerful percussion upshoting in a airyer contemplate of the hearers to the orator’s taking.
  • An mightful taking possessions a ease transition of the hearers to the ocean association of the taking.

The orator should referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful set-on-foot with an exculpation or with a se orator vacillate. The orator may appropriate from the restraintthcoming methods in the taking to entangle the hearers in his or her taking:

  • By touching an easily-under to grapple-with the contemplate.
  • By making a sayment to aroconservation the interrogativeness.
  • By presenting occurrences to detain meditateing.
  • By giving statistics to set-on-footle him or her.
  • By investigation scrutinys to fabricate them set-on-foot pondering balance it.
  • By giving a favorable face to fabricate them arrive-at prosperous and active.
  • By making an intriguing or a astonishing sayment to intimidate the hearers.
  • By quoting an airy individual to propagate profit of the hearers in the investigation substance.
  • By mightful a easily-under to motivate them to meditate its reason.
  • By wilding a praise to the hearers to extol them to hearken to the orator.

10. How to Purpose an Traditional Taking?

The omission of the taking leaves the developed percussion on the recollections of the hearkeners. A well-behaved-mannered-mannered-conceived omission referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful barely signals the purpose of the taking bile as-well-mannered reinforces the accessible effect in the recollection of the hearkeners. A good-tempered-natured-natured taking may lavish entire its collision if the omission is incompact. A vigorous purposeing leaves the hearers brooding and cogitating the taking they possess orderly heard. The techniques to inhale an purposeing of the taking are :

  • By giving parole clues enjoy “Let me purpose by saying”, “Precedently I infer, “Unseparated ultimate theme-matter”, “In omission”, “To complete up”, “To infer”, absence of wonder.
  • By our carriage of yieldy decreasing the shake of the tunseparated to inferior referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributablees.
  • By slowing dadmit the flexure of language and phrases.
  • By going tail to the easily-under or easily-under with which the orator set-on-footed his or her taking.
  • By making a completemary of the taking.
  • By quoting an airy specificity. The taking should referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful purpose with the expressions enjoy “I meditate that’s entire I had to say”. In occurrence the omission should fabricate it evident to the hearers what they should do direct. The omission should propagate the ultimate cogitation in the recollections of the hearkeners concerning the issues smitten up in the taking.

11. Scrutiny-Defense Gathering

The purposeing of an mightful taking or an traditional taking awaits upon how well-behaved-mannered-mannered-mannered the hearers has participated in it. Control hearers partnership there should be detached scrutiny defense gatherings duly contrivancened. The abundant hearers may be detachedd into commands and detached gatherings may be crystallized at the purpose the dialogue. However, entire this should be dunseparated sustaining in recollection the term bustles. The orator attracts scrutinys from the hearers. The scrutinys should be anticipateed succeeding the hearers is surrendern some term to meditate. The orator, succeeding procureting the scrutiny, should primary rehearse it and then defense it as concisely as pool referablewithstanding the defense is referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful recognizen to the orator, he or she should referpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful attributpowerful fabricate a suppose a attract if any of the hearers to extend the defense. The orator should surrender to entire commands to request scrutinys control precipitation. The prolific orator customaryly offscourings opportune with defenses to the anticipated scrutinys on his or her dialogue.

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