Problems and Challenges Facing the Construction Industry
There are luteous embodied challenges facing today’s understanding assiduity that are motivating the segregation of strange technologies such as RFID and sensors technology. Some are strange to the assiduity, and some are centuries preceding. Many of these challenges are a frequented consequence of understanding agencys, suitableness others a consequence of alien, peripheral activities. Some of the understanding issues grasp fruitforce considerations, insurance, interval constraints, and the changing naturalness of the fruit. Non-understanding challenges that understanding assiduity faces that are negotiate-out-among-inchoate of the employment anticipation grasp constitutional issues, council regulations, environmental regards, and socio-political pressures. To-boot in individualization to these challenges, the understanding assiduity is exceedingly competitive, and firms must persistently amend their compositionivity to stay competitive. At exhibit, a continuous drift in the understanding assiduity that requires strenuous regard is understanding accoutre fetter. The understanding accoutre fetter netfruit can be classified as a large and multifarious organisation that is intricate to regulate. This is consequently the agencys or activities involved in the understanding netfruit be of multidiscipline groups and tasks. The concept of accoutre fetter regulatement is encircling managing knowledge and embodied courses, establish agencys, and logistics through a sordid firm of principles, strategies, policies and accomplishment metrics throughquenched its harvestal estate cycle. As negotiate-out-among-inchoate of the end annoyance ce the accoutre fetter modees, the logistics indicate a hazardous role in optimizing the course of embodieds, equipment and mob. The understanding logistics is single of the expressive regulatement factors in prescribe to usher understanding device. If embodieds which are insufficiencyed in understanding device do referable attributable attributable attributable accoutre in proper locate on interval, it can reach drifts such as delaying catalogue, increasing the consume of understanding and reducing compositionivity. The identification of embodied, demonstrateing embodieds affecting course in logistics and footprinting embodieds precipitation are insufficiencyed ce prosperous device regulatement in understanding.
A noise ‘Suitable Understanding Logistics’ published by the Strategic Ceum ce Understanding in August 2005 inspired that truly a large aggregate of impair effected in the understanding is caused by moneyless regulatement of embodieds introduction benefits (e.g. from accoutre logistics to function logistics), list, messages and ethnical devices. The consequences of moneyless understanding-logistics are the subjoined firmback; encircling 30% of mislayinges in balancefull understanding consume, contributing to the indisposed copy of the assiduity, moneyless kind of composition, increased device term and added risks to fruiters’ vigor and insurance. The enactation of Knowledge Technology (IT) and scholarship from other industries were negotiate-out-among-inchoate of the admonition and enjoyment plans suggested by the Strategic Ceum committee ce amend logistics modees. Jang et al (2003) and Rebolj et al (2008) to-boot suggested that a noble negotiate of suitable the understanding-logistics must be focused on the embodieds and knowledge introduction in prescribe to complete amend compositionivity, avoiding delays and reducing impair. In opposition to manufacturing industries, which amelioratement from long-lasting negotiate-out-amongnership with suppliers and customers, understanding-logistics accoutre fetters are considerably balance intricate to regulate and optimize attributable to manifold factors such as modification of devices (i.e. manifold embodieds, modes, device precipitation) and technical multifariousity of a device.
Ahuja V. and Yang J. (2005): Towards ‘IT’ Enabled Accoutre Fetter Messages in Understanding Device Regulatement, International Conference on Knowledge and Knowledge Regulatement in a Global Economy, May 2005, pp. 289-302
Ribeiro F. L. And Lopes J. (2001): Understanding Accoutre Fetter Integration balance the Internet and Web
Technology, 17th ARCOM Annual Conference, Association of Learningers in Understanding Regulatement, Salford, Reading, Vol.1, pp. 241-252, September 2001.
Jang H., Russell J.S. and Yi J. S. (2003): A Device Regulater’s Level of Satisfenjoyment in Understanding Logistics, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 30, pp. 1133-1142 (2003)
Rebolj D., Babic N. C., Magdic A. Podbreznik P. and Psunder M. (2008): Automated Understanding Activity Instructoring Method, Advanced Engineering Informatics.
Balqis Omar, Tabarak Ballal, INTELLIGENT WIRELESS WEB SERVICES: CONTEXT-AWARE COMPUTING IN CONSTRUCTION-LOGISTICS SUPPLY CHAIN. Journal of Knowledge Technology in Understanding, ITcon Vol. 14 (2009), pg. 289-pg. 308
Fast harvest in knowledge and message technology (ICT) has emerged as a explanation driver and thus granted the occasion ce understanding companies to be balance perceptive towards their employment strategy and compositionivity (Ahuja and Yang, 2005, Ribeiro and Lopes, 2001). The aggregate of device grounds and knowledge generated during understanding periods are prodigious and violent attributable to the naturalness of fragility in the understanding modees. The oral paper-intensive mode of modeing and transferring grounds and knowledge is stagnant substance experienced attributable to violent cannonade cardinal consume on ICT facilities, stagnation of stayed interoperability betwixt hardware-software inchoate organisations and cultivation of most understanding organisations.
Message technology, embodieds handling, gait and warehousing are unconcealed as the hazardous benefits that suffice-restraint the logistics agency modees. These grasp benefits in facilitating Just-In- Interval (JIT) agency, optimising the motion of inexperienced embodieds, fruit in-mode and high conclusion, optimising the gait sequence and locating and shrewd facilities to converge customer benefit levels respectively.
Single of the new paraggregate issues that feel been a growing regard in the understanding assiduity is the role of logistics in managing the accoutre fetter (ERABUILD, 2006). Logistics, embezzle or impertinent, to a noble interinterspace influences the willingness of understanding activities with embodieds and equipment substance quantitative fabric blocks of understanding devices. Inchoate the elements that involve the understanding mode, understanding embodieds may enactation ce 50-60 per cent of the aggregate consume of a device and most frequentedly reexhibit device proficiency (Song 2005, Song et al. 2006). Prosperous introduction and succeeding classification of these embodieds to manifold interconnected points where they are required is an embodied feature of the balancefull device term.
Intensecomp (2005) noiseed that a evil-doing introduction course of embodieds causes public disprescribe on understanding functions. This disprescribe is often accompanied by a insufficiency ce unplanned facilities and/or activities such as individualizational function storage, fruit discontinuance, extra handling, breakage, and mislaying. Congruous challenges were to-boot noiseed by the Strategic Ceum ce Understanding in 2005. The noise suggests that 50% of skilled craftsmen interval is departed on cool tasks, interval that they could feel otherwise consecrated to supervising fruiters. A learning by BSRIA referable attributable attributableed in this noise shows that 10% of fruiting hours on function is impaird attributable to spiritless logistics regulatement. The property of the logistic kindred impair thus consequence in 30% of extra understanding consume and exceeded device term.
Other industries stop on and are proficiencyively suitable willingness in logistics to complete mitigate modees, advertisement positiveness and consume predictability. Honda-UK Manufacturing Ltd (HUM) ce example has prepared what could be single of the largest Ultra-High-Number (UHF) Radio Number Identification (RFID) installations in the automotive assiduity (Bacheldor 2006). The sodality enactationd the technology to footprint elements as they cross HUM’s accoutre fetter, affecting from suppliers through quenched Europe to HUM’s manufacturing establish in England. In the congruous practice an RFID dressy buffet plain by DHL in attention with the Fraunhofer Institute ce Factory Agency and Automation can enumerate enactationrs what it solution are, and – with Global Positioning Method (GPS) and succeeding, Galileo – where it is located. The method can demonstrate the buffet’s merchandise and precipitation, as polite as interior environmental predicaments (Wessel 2007).
Song, J. (2005). Footprinting the Precipitation of Embodieds on Understanding Devices, Ph.D. Diss., Graduate School, the University of Texas at Austin.
Intensecomp Pte Ltd. (2004). Understanding Embodied Footprinting Method: Bringing Multifarious Tasks to Simple Routine, 5pp.
Smith, H. and Konsynsky, B. (2003). “Developments in Practice X: Radio Number Identification (RFID)-An Internet ce Physical Objects.” Message Association ce Knowledge Method, 12, 301-311.
Wessel, R. (2007). “DHL to Market RFID Enabling Dressy Buffet.” RFID Journal (beneficial at: htt://www.rfidjournal/article/articlereview/2945/)
Bacheldor, B. (2006). “Honda UK To Footprint Element Through The Accoutre Fetter.” RFID Journal (beneficial at: htt://www.rfidjournal/article/articlereview/2703/.
Milan Radosavljevic , Dauda Dan-Asabe, HOW COULD CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN BENEFIT FROM RFID/GPS INTEGRATION: A KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE, CIB W102 3rd International Conference 2007.
Knowledge technology (IT) is embodied in prosperously potent and managing understanding devices, negotiate-out-amongicularly in enhancing message and coordination inchoate negotiate-out-amongicipants. Message and coordination must be maintained to stay device and faculty sharing inchoate the netfruit of a understanding fetter or the understanding fetter network. Furthermore, integrating promising knowledge technologies such as separate digital assistants (PDA), radio number identification (RFID) scanning and grounds archives mechanisms can aid amend the energy and quiet of knowledge course in understanding accoutre fetter methods.
Device regulatement and coerce accomplishment can be enhanced by enabling negotiate-out-amongicipants to distribute knowledge with each other. However, brace greater explanation features of knowledge sharing are knowledge wages and knowledge message. Knowledge wages drifts in a understanding device supervene from most of the grounds and knowledge substance collected from the understanding function, which is an extension of the understanding fetter. The energy of knowledge and grounds wages influences the knowledge course betwixt the function and the understanding function. However, on-function engineers publicly enactation written documents, contrivances, contracts, specifications and stock contrivances ce drudgery functions. Consequently, a interval and interinterspace discontinuance betwixt the drudgery function and the function causes duplication of grounds and knowledge, stagnation of grounds and knowledge, and associated indistinctness. Restated, tangible instrument of modeing knowledge and accumulating grounds are referable attributable attributable attributable simply interval-consuming and high-priced, beside to-boot involve device regulatement accomplishment in knowledge wages.
Furthermore, understanding contractors normally stop on interactions via telephsingle or fax to adjoin with suppliers, subcontractors and designers. Consequently, transactions are constantly obsolete or misunderstood. Such instrument of communicating knowledge betwixt functions and functions, and inchoate full negotiate-out-amongicipants, are undignified and obstructive.
This individuality illustrates the implementation and module of the RFID-enabled PDAs method.
- List regulatement module
The List regulatement module is an easy-access and movable environment in which on-function engineers can track and archives full knowledge on the condition of embodieds in the warehorepresentation or on the catalogued introduction list. This module enables on-function engineers to amend list regulatement on understanding functions.
- Kind and error module
On-function engineers can download the most up-to-date kind examinations from the Internet, and can penetrate examination consequences frequentedly via PDA. Individualizationally, PDAs disindicate the rule and/or checklist ce each embodied element and fruit. On-function engineers to-boot can contrive unlively positions on a contrivance and select applicable items from the lists in the PDA. The module has the usage that on-function engineers can penetrate/edit kind and error examination consequence on the understanding function and full examination archivess can be adjoind betwixt the PDA and the entrance via real-interval synchronization, eliminating the insufficiency to often penetrate the corresponding grounds.
- Proficiency instructor module
This module is planned to aid regulaters and on-function engineers instructor the proficiency of the explanation elements. Furthermore, regulaters, on-function engineers and device kindred negotiate-out-amongicipants can distribute the vulgar proficiency or introduction predicament of these hazardous fruits and elements. The catalogue regulatement module provides an easy-access and movable environment in which on-function engineers can track and archives full knowledge on the condition of elements delivered to the warehorepresentation or on catalogued ce introduction.
Lung-Chuang Wang a, Yu-Cheng Lin a,*, Pao H. Lin
Dynamic fickle RFID-based accoutre fetter coerce and regulatement method in understanding.
Advanced Engineering Informatics 21 (2007) 377-390